关键词：制造业结构 优化升级 自主创新 互联网技术扩散 互联网+制造
Research on Optimization and Upgrading of Chinese
Manufacturing Structure Driven by Internet Technology
Abstract: Based on theory of technological progress, this paper explores the paths of internet technology progress which drive optimization and upgrading of manufacturing structure, and analyzes the effect mechanism of different paths on rationalization and upgrading of manufacturing structure. On this basis, this paper provides the quantitative measurement of “Internet Manufacturing” index by data envelopment analysis, and does empirical research on the effect of internet technology on manufacturing structural adjustment through different paths in use of large and medium-sized industrial enterprises data of 30 industries of China's manufacturing in 2003-2015 years by ridge regression. The results show that independent innovation based on self-accumulation can only promote rationalization of manufacturing structure. Internet technology diffusion can promote rationalization of manufacturing structure to a certain extent, and realize structural upgrading. Independent innovation on the basis of introduction of internet technology can not only drive rationalization and upgrading of manufacturing structure, but also make the biggest impact, therefore it’s the optimal path to drive optimization and upgrading of manufacturing structure. However, this process may be accompanied by a low value-added trend in the high technology industry, and internet technology also has a time lag effect on manufacturing structural adjustment.
Keywords: Manufacturing Structure Optimization and Upgrading Independent Innovation Internet Technology Diffusion Internet plus Manufacturing
JEL Classification: L60 O33 C30
关键词：代工企业 空间转移 结构转型 宝成工业
Spatial Transfer and Structural Transformation of Transnational OEMs：A Case Study of POU CHEN Group
Deyou Xu Songlin Xiang
Abstract: Transnational OEMs are characterized by shifted at low cost and with the transformation of value chain changes. Through the case analysis of Taiwan's POU CHEN Group in space transfer and structural transformation,This paper argues that OEMs are good at manufacturing and commissioned designs, and it can form unique and irreplaceable market competitive advantages. The OEMs maintain a competitive advantage from two aspects: the spatial transformation and structural transformation of the industrial chain, which consolidates and strengthens the advantages of low-cost, high-efficiency, all-inclusive manufacturing advantages and near-market, export and good interaction. This suggests that China's development path for large-scale OEMs should be "walking on two legs": on the basis of tapping China's regional comparative advantages, both through the core technology research and market brand building from OEM production to independent brands, but also through the functional upgrade and industrial chain integration can be formed with the commissioner of the game of the status of the negotiations.In industrial policy, we should use the power of the market to promote the horizontal and vertical integration of OEMs, promote industrial transfer in the larger space, accelerate the structural transformation in the longer industry chain, and enhance the position of Chinese OEMs in global value.
Keywords: OEM Space Transfer Structural Transformation POU CHEN Group
JEL Classification: L16 F23
吉敏 邢天才 王文钢
关键词：市场结构 利润弹性指标 边际成本
An Empirical Analysis on
Banking Market Structure of China Based on Profit Elasticity Indicator
Min Ji Tiancai Xing Wengang Wang
Abstract: Although the Interest rate liberalization in China has been basically completed, it is still in post-transitional period. Reviewing China’s interest rate liberalization is helpful to research and understanding those emerging marketing economies which are under interest rate control. Looking at the evolution of the competitive degree in banking is also helpful to explore the direction and gravity of banks’ transformation. Therefore, taking the bank data from 2006 to 2015 as samples, using the profit elasticity index to measure the competition degree, we do research on the Chinese banking loan market. The result shows that in emerging market economies, where interest rates are still regulated, the index of profit elasticity is more applicable and more accurate than traditional indicators. We can see that China's banking sector, represented by the lending market, has a slight decline in competition since 2011, with varying levels of competition for different types of banks. We hope to provide empirical evidence for research on financial industrial organazation, market differentiation competition and regulation.
Keywords: Market Structure Profit Elasticity Indicator Marginal Cost
JEL Classification: G21 L11
刘喜华 李聪 王国宏
关键词：逆向选择 准分离均衡 两期保险 伯川德竞争
The Semi-Separating Equilibrium of Two-Stage Insurance under Bertrand Competition and Adverse Selection
Xihua Liu Cong Li Guohong Wang
Abstract: Multi-period insurance as a supplement of self-selection mechanism of single-period insurance is an important dynamic risk classification methods, which is helpful to avoid the risk of adverse selection. Under the hypotheses of Bertrand competition, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the semi-separating equilibrium of two-stage insurance are studied. Firstly, the two-stage insurance incomplete information dynamic game model is established. And then, by analyzing the policyholders’ incentive compatibility constraint and individual rationality constraint, the necessary and sufficient conditions for semi-separating equilibrium are deduced, it is concluded that the fully separating equilibrium and the semi-separating equilibrium can not exist at the same time. At last, the marginal analysis to the semi-separating equilibrium is given.
Keywords：Adverse Selection Semi-Separating Equilibrium Two-Stage Insurance Bertrand Competition
JEL Classification: G22 C70
季永宝 吴辉航 刘 潇 豆建民
关键词：西部大开发 财税政策 全要素生产率 双重差分法
How Do Fiscal and Tax Policies Affect Frims’ Productivity
Under Western Development Strategy
Yongbao Ji Huihang Wu Xiao Liu Jianming Dou
Abstract: Many literature have made an objective appraisal of the implementation effect of the western development policy, but few have studied and explained the fiscal and taxation policy effects that the western development policy has on the productivity of enterprises and the micro mechanism of how the fiscal and taxation policies affect the enterprises to achieve the effect. Based on the perspective of the TFP of enterprises, this paper summarizes the mechanism of the TFP influencing the policies of the western development on the basis of the fiscal subsidy effect and the tax preference effect. On this basis, I propose and explain the mystery of the TFP go-ahead in western enterprises at the western development policy boundary. This paper, using 1998-2007 industrial enterprises data, with boundary matching difference in difference method, from the perspective of fiscal and tax policy acting on enterprises, found that the Western Development Strategy significantly enhances enterprises’ TFP in western region, the western city (county) enterprises’ TFP increase 7% (12.2%) averagely. The result of mechanism identification test shows that the fiscal subsidy policy has the effect of "subsidy curse". The direct financial subsidy can not increase the TFP of enterprises, but the tax reduction policy has a significant effect on the TFP promotion. Heterogeneity test results show that the policy of western development has attracted more private and foreign enterprises, making the profitability of state-owned enterprises lower. Finally, the robustness of the conclusion of the article is further verified through various methods. This paper argues that the emphasis of strengthening the western development policy support is to reduce the corporate tax burden, optimize the financial support mode, and promote the economic development in the western region with the improvement of enterprise productivity.
Keywords: Western Development Strategy Fiscal and Tax Policy Total Factor Productivity Difference in Difference
JEL Classification: R11 E61
王晨 黄和 王新华
Study on the Factors of Coal Consumption Based on SD Model
Chen Wang He Huang Xinhua Wang
Abstract:Economic development and urbanization process has increased the demand for coal consumption, and the non-renewable nature of coal resources and environmental pollution problems become increasingly serious. Therefore, reducing coal consumption has become the primary problem of coordinated development of economy environment. Based on China's coal resources consumption system as the research object, and analyzing the consumption path and its influencing factors of coal, the article constructs the coal resource consumption system SD model by using the method of system dynamics. And the simulation shows that the variation degree of total coal consumption from 2005 to 2015 when the influencing factors are changed by 1%. The research indicates that the economic development, oil and gas prices and the scale of infrastructure construction positively influence the consumption of coal resources. On the contrary, power structure, coal efficiency, product structure, enterprise scale, coal usage, coal prices, building structure and urbanization level negatively effect the coal resource consumption. In addition, the impact of various factors on coal consumption is also different. And the results of this study provide a scientific and rational basis for the formulation of economic development policies.
Keywords: System Dynamics; Coal Consumption; System Simulation
JEL Classification: E27 Q43
关键词：绿色全要素效率SBM-DEA模型 工业 服务业 工业化进程
A Comparative Study on Efficiency of China’s Industry and Services
in Green Total Factor Perspective
Xue Song Xianming Kuang
Abstract: At present, China is at the historical joint point of economic transformation and upgrading, the trend of industrial structure changes from industrial economy to service economy is obvious, and the service industry has become the new engine to stimulate economic growth. However, many scholars have suggested that service sector is inefficient compared with the industrial sector, and it will certainly affect China’s economic growth. The traditional SBM-DEA model is improved in this paper, and environmental factors are included in the efficiency analysis framework. This paper provides a more accurate calculation result of measuring and comparing the efficiency of industry and services of 30 provincial economies in China from year 2003 to 2015.On this foundation, it further discusses characters and changing trends of the efficiency of industry and service industry of provinces in different economic development processes. Through the analysis, this paper draws the following basic conclusions: Considered restraints of resource and environment, the average efficiency of industry is less than that of service sector, but the relative efficiency of industrial and service sector in the cities and provinces is different. During the sample period, the overall efficiency of China’s industrial and service sector continues to deteriorate, but the industrial efficiency is declining far faster than the efficiency of the service sector. In the provinces with higher industrialization, the green total factor efficiency of industry and services are generally higher, and the provinces that the efficiency of service sector is higher than that of industrial sector account for the majority. Therefore, considered restraints of resource and environment in the drive of new development stage continue to increase, the shift to develop services vigorously by China’s economy is generally in line with the principle of efficiency.
Keywords: Green Total Factor Efficiency SBM-DEA Model Industry Services Industrialization Process
JEL Classification: Q51 L80 D24
摘 要：近年来，非专利实施实体的策略性行为对创新和经济效率的影响引发了广泛的关注。本文基于纵向产业链的视角，依据非专利实施实体的专利的创新性质和纵向关联市场的竞争格局，构建了一个三阶段博弈模型，对非专利实施体与下游生产企业之间的博弈进行了理论分析。研究发现, 非专利实施实体的“专利流氓”行为大多出现在产业生命周期的成长阶段，且胜诉率与法定赔偿额度越高以及诉讼费用越低越容易诱发这种行为。在此基础上，本文对欧美地区的非专利实施实体的现状和政府相应的政策应对进行了研究，并分别从政府和企业层面就如何减少专利钓饵策略实施、维护公平交易提出了相应的政策建议。
关键词：纵向产业链 非专利实施实体 钓饵策略 经济效率
Study on Strategic Behaviors of Non-Practicing Entities
Jieyin Hong Zengzhi Feng
Abstract：In recent years, the impact of strategic behaviors about Non-Practicing Entities on innovation and economic efficiency has aroused wide concern. From the perspective of vertical industry chain, this paper constructs a three-stage game model according to the innovative nature of patent and the competitive pattern of vertical related market of Non-Practicing Entities and analyses the game between Non-Practicing Entities and downstream production enterprises. We find that “Patent Troll” behavior of Non-Practicing Entities mostly emerge in the growth stage of industry life cycle and higher the lawsuit winning rate, legal amount of compensation and lower litigation costs can easily trigger the behavior. Based on this, this paper studies the status of Non-Practicing Entities in Europe and America and corresponding government’s policy response to it and puts forward corresponding policy suggestions on the ways to reduce patent troll implementing as well as maintaining fair trade from government and enterprise level.
Keywords: Vertical Industry Chain Non-Practicing Entities Patent Troll Strategy Economic Efficiency
JEL Classification: O34 L12 L42
关键词：产融结合 研发投入 技术创新 企业属性
Enterprise Industry and Financial Integration, Enterprise Attributes and R & D Innovation
Abstract: It is worthy of further research on whether the enterprise invests in finance can promote the output of the enterprise. However, there are few relevant empirical documents. This paper chooses the non-financial listed companies that invest in non-listed financial enterprises from 2008 to 2015 as the research samples, and analyzes the impact of the combination of industry and financial on the R&D innovation, and focuses on the adjustment effect of the enterprise attributes. The results show that: First, the combination of enterprise finance can promote R&D investment and invention patents, utility models, design innovation output, but the state-owned properties of enterprises weakened this effect. Second, with the holdings of holdings of financial enterprises increased, R&D investment significantly reduced, but when the absolute holding, you can strengthen the combination of production and innovation on the positive role of R&D innovation. Third, the enterprise investment holding banks and securities companies to promote the role of R&D innovation is more obvious, better combination of production and financial effect.
Keywords: Integration of Industry and Finance R&D Investment Technological Innovation Enterprise Attribute
JEL Classification: O32 G38 G32