关键词：工业竞争力 国家工业竞争力指数 工业强国 大国经济
The Industrial Competence of Large Countries: Evaluation and Evolution from 2000 to 2010
Junwei Shi Weili Xie
Abstract: How to evaluate the large industrialized country and powerful industrialized country is of an unanswered question and hence to be the major mission of this paper. With a review of relative researches on national competence, the evaluation system of nationally industrial comprehensive competence—NIC index—is constructed, which is employed to systemic evaluation of industrial comprehensive competence of large countries in the current world at different levels since 2000 through 2010. Based on the results, the authors vertically analysis the industrial comprehensive competence of powerful industrialized countries and emerging large countries at four levels, and conclude the structural distribution and evolutionary trend of industries in large nations of the world.
Keywords:Industrial Competence NIC Index Powerful Industrialized Country
JEL Classification：L16 L60 L52
On The “Face” Preference And Its Impact Upon The Demand of New-Energy Cars
Yizhong Peng Min Wu
Abstract:Our study starts from an anomaly that the proportion of type I cars , whose prices are no less than 5 times of local per capita disposable income, is higher than many developed countries. We reveal a special psychological phenomenon hidden behind the behavior of Chinese automobile consumers, which is called as “face” preference by us. Basing on the assumption that the fuel efficiency of type I cars is greater, we include new energy cars in this category and develop a mathematical economic model on car demand, in which "face" preference is taken into account. Then four corollaries have been drawn based on such model. We carry out empirical research on the existence of "face" preference and validity of above corollaries, and eventually we get to following conclusions: (1) the behavior of Chinese auto-consumers exactly shows significant" face" preference; (2) cars with more “face” functions exhibit lower price elasticity of demand; (3) The reduction in fuel cost, maintenance and repair cost and other cost is likely to increase the demand for type I cars; (4) the technical improvement of type II cars ( low price vehicles ) will reduce the demand of type I cars (including new energy vehicles ); (5) the reduce in interest rates of car consumption loan will increase the demand of type I cars (including new energy vehicles ). Based on the above findings, we put forward a series of suggestions with respect to the cultivation and development of market demand for new energy automobiles in China.
Keywords: Demand for New Energy Automobiles “Face” Preference
JEL Classification: D01
关键词：集体声誉 市场结构 农民专业合作社
Collective Reputation, Market Structure and Regulation for Farmers' professional Cooperatives
Yanying Chen Chijun Sang
Abstract：This paper built a theoretical model based on the collective reputation of regional agricultural industry, having Investigated the optimal market structure of regional agricultural industry and the reasonability of farmers' professional co-operatives’ monopoly problem by the influence to welfare which came from the trade-off between quality and quantity. We found that the optimal market structure could be complete monopoly or Perfect competition, so the monopoly power of farmers' professional co-operatives was acceptable. And wo also discovered that quantity regulation brought the best results under the condition of only one policy compared to other measures for Monopolistic professional co-operatives, such as quality regulation、output regulation and price regulation.
Keywords：Collective Reputation Market Structure Farmers' Professional Co-Operatives
JEL Classification：C70 L20
陈宗胜 文 雯
关键词：城市低保 减贫效应 收入分配 贫穷率
The Study on Poverty Reduction Effects of Chinese Urban Minimum Living Standard Security System——Empirical Analysis Based on CHIP 2002 and 2007
Zongsheng Chen Wen Wen
Abstract:The paper uses micro survey data of Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) 2002 and 2007, takes international poverty line, minimum living standard line, Martin poverty line and relative poverty line as poverty standards respectively to measure poverty reduction effects of urban minimum living standard security. On the whole, urban minimum living standard security alleviates absolute poverty to a large extent and part of relative poverty in urban areas. Compared with before, the ability to reduce poverty of urban minimum living standard security improves significantly. Under various poverty line and poverty indices, different provinces and families have different poverty reduction effects brought by urban minimum living standard security. Generally speaking, the deeper poverty the families lie in, the more significant poverty reduction effects they will have.
Keywords: Urban Minimum Living Standard Security Poverty Reduction Effects Income Distribution Poverty Rate
JEL Classification: H55 I32
杜曙光 宋建 刘刚
关键词：FDI 技术溢出 产业结构 Baumol模型
Spillover Effects of FDI and Industrial Structure Adjustment of China
──Based on the Baumol’s Model of Theoretical Analysis and Empirical Research
Shuguang Du Jian Song Gang Liu
Abstract: Based on the model of economic unbalanced growth proposed by Baumol, in this paper, we take the relative growth rate of the labor productivity and the effect of non-foreign capital of the labor productivity into consideration,which is droved by spillover effect of FDI.We empirically examine this argument using data during 1984 and 2013 and find strong evidence that spillover effect of FDI played a positive and significant impact on the relative price of services and manufacturing, service industry relative to employment rate, service industry relative to out ratio in the long term, and there is long-term stable relationship among those. In the short term, spillover effect of FDI has positive role in promoting service industry relative to prices, service industry relative to output but statistics are not significant. In addition, spillover effect of FDI contradicts the long term about service industry relative to employment, makes labor force flowing to manufacturing briefly. Meanwhile, the degree openness of the country, capacity of government support and rate of fixed asset investment also have different effect on the adjustment of industrial structure. Based on these observations, we bring forward the countermeasure and advice to improve industrial structure adjustment of our country.
Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment Technology Spillover Baumol's Model Industrial Structure
JEL Classification: C52 E22
关键词:中国—东盟自贸区 深度一体化 新经济地理学
Research on the industry development of the depth integration of CAFTA
Shuhui Wen Xin Zhang
Abstract:This paper studies the industrial development and welfare improvement of the depth integration of CAFTA based on the New Economic Geography. Especially, the article detailedly uses numerical simulation to discuss the industry shares and welfare levels’s changes of the countries of CAFTA with the trade freedom of CAFTA increasing under the three cases of different external trade freedom ,different internal market scale and different external market scale of FTA.The results show that in the depth integration process of CAFTA , the larger counties of CAFTA as China will achieve industry development and welfare improvement, while the countries with smaller market scale can achieve welfare improvement but their own industrial development is uncertain.
Kewords:CAFTA Depth Integration New Economic Geography
JEL Classification: F15 R12